As we’ve seen in Babylonian Gods of Genesis, some of the earliest recorded gods and goddesses of the
early era of paganism could, very well, parallel these earliest characters of Genesis: Adam, Eve, Cain, Abel,
and, of course, the Serpent himself. With all of this knowledge at hand, we see that it might really be a
“small world after all.” Paganism and Biblical stories don’t seem to be too far apart, at least regarding the
adoption of these same characters. As we’ve stressed throughout this entire website, putting together the
mystery of ancient Babylon is much like trying to assemble a gigantic jigsaw puzzle:

If someone were to throw a thousands of pieces of a puzzle on the table and then throw away the box, you
would struggle long time to find and understand what the whole picture is.
                                                                                     (Gayman, 1977, p. 15)[1]

Some who read this will begin to see revelations as the “pieces” come together; others just won’t see it,
and that’s ok. It’s not for everyone; and, as it may be difficult to put it all together, it’s not impossible. Most
of us, hopefully, will begin to notice the “writing on the wall,” the deeper into these stories we go.
With that said and done, in this section, we’ll probably begin to take fairly large strides towards putting the
pieces of this puzzle together. One very important piece lies in understanding the example that follows:

                                                  He (God) breathed life’s breath into Adam,
                                                  Then stamped the final mystery [on him].
                                                        - Adamgirk: The Adam Book of Arak'el of Siwnik 218[2]

mystery is this? Let us say that one of the most important elements of the Mystery side of Mystery
entail the mysteries which relate to the mind! Many aspects of this Mystery portion reside in what
goes on inside our brains, how we think, and why we think what we do. A number of political and religious
ideals we have today have originated from a
thought, somewhere. In fact, almost every action taken by a
human being was, first, preceded by their
Someone may say that, inside, they feel a little
low, for example. Another may say that they have some
darkness inside. What do these mean? Still another might feel like they are going through a living hell.
Beyond the literal sense, could there be duplicate associations for words such as this? Could there be
“parallels” to these words, from one
world to the next? In other words, if one person says that they are
going through “hell,” could this also have correlations to some aspect of our supernatural world? Maybe it
did mean more, back in ancient times. How about in our last section, for example: we recall, that upon the
death of her son, the goddess
Ishtar (a.k.a. Eve) descended to the underworld. Now, did she really de-
to such a physical place; or, could it be that she fell, or descended, into a state of deep, mental
despair: a “hell,” or sorts, inside her mind? If we gather anything from the last section, the most important
thing to take with us is the possibility for
mental significances behind many early, ancient symbols.

As we know, the ancients used
symbols to express spiritual concepts, or points-of-view, in their artwork –
that’s all they had to work with at the time. They probably wanted to make sure the gazer understood all
of the levels of symbolism they were trying to portray. Over the years, the original meanings behind some
of these ancient symbols probably turned to dust. With the slow, gradual changes of cultures and empires
over the years these symbols must have undergone some change to their original meanings. The
wing of
some ancient deity, for example, could have stood, not only for a literal wing, but the deities’ ability to
swiftly” move back and forth between two worlds - the natural and supernatural. There were symbols, as
we’ll see, which also could have taken into account
mental or emotional elements of the individual the
artist is trying to portray! As we recall, the following reliefs describe
Ishtar/Enki’s (or Eve’s) ascent from
the underworld:

An individual ascending
out of the underworld, here, could also have signified their coming out of her
state of depression – a better state of mind. Some people, today, think that heaven and hell are here on
earth; it’s dependent on how one
looks at things. The color black, for example, could also have had
mental or emotional connotations to it.
Black or blackness could have helped symbolize one’s darkened
emotional state. It seems the color could also symbolize depression, despair, or the like. It seems clear
moral character could have associated colors, as well.

         …the color of the wicked was like bottom of a pot on account of the wickedness of their doings…
                                                                   - 3 Enoch (The Hebrew Book of Enoch) Ch. 44[3]

It only makes logical sense when we look at the following in this way.

                             …then God sent him (Adam)… down to earth with blackened face…
                                                                                              (Al-amili, n. d., p. 2)[4]

Although it may be easy to assume that Adam, in the above, may have had his face turned
black as coal,
it doesn’t necessarily mean this. Another more probable explanation might present itself: God allowed
Adam to understand the guilt, sadness, and depression he should have felt over his choices in the Garden;
a temporary “
darkness” which invaded his heart and mind. These negativities, obviously, would have
shown up on his facial expressions. The ancient Greeks even made abstracted “deities” out of certain
negative emotions, such as
Blame, Distress, Deceit, and Strife. As we proceed, we’ll see more of these
ancient “thought” symbols, or concepts, and how they were incorporated into ancient artwork (such as the
wing). Soon, more examples will become apparent, and we’ll see how they apply to the
mystery side of Mystery Babylon. A problem with our putting together our “puzzle” lies with that, either
unintentionally or intentionally, original meanings of these symbols were obscured over time. If we gather
anything from the last section, the most important thing to take away would be there could have been
mental elements to a lot of this ancient symbolism (such as one’s “descent to the underworld”). This
psychological side to
Mystery Babylon will become much more prevalent and important as time goes on.

Much of what we are about to gather, in regards to the
real story of the Garden of Eden, may not coincide
with traditional thoughts about the topic. It certainly doesn’t “fit in” with almost all modern, Christian
interpretation. But, a vast majority of it, as always, comes
right from ancient writings or some accredited
author on the subject. If we combine the
mental elements of Mystery Babylon with all the information we
are about to present, we will begin to go much
deeper in our understanding. Sometimes, “new” thoughts
may lie in resurrecting the “old and forgotten.”
To proceed, let’s, again, continue with a
deeper look into what might have really happened “in the

The Former World - Of Angels

    It will come as a surprise to many to learn that angels inhabited this earth before the creation of man.
                                                                                          (Armstrong, 1985, Part 8)[5]

What was the world like before Adam? What happened to turn it all into
chaos? Why would it be relevant to
our story of the Garden of Eden? We recall, in
Creation – the Gap & Deep, our former cosmos was de-
stroyed, as well as all life in it. There could have even been a number of times this cycle happened - an
organized “world,” or cosmos was destroyed
; and recreated, once again. Although the Bible doesn’t
directly point towards what happened in the “world” before our own, and how it was destroyed, there are
other ancient sources which may: some are Judaic (such as the
Apocalypse of Baruch or Philo); most are
Islamic. The Islamic historian,
Tabari, for example, provided a majority of this information on this previous
world. Much in these accounts relate to a confrontation between terrestrial angels who supposedly inhab-
ited this planet before the world of Adam. Apparently, there must have been some manner of civilization,
comprising of these angels and, probably, human beings. These former “worlds” obviously weren’t perfect -
like our world, today – because they had to be destroyed for whatever reason. This seemingly-consistent
streak of imperfection continued on, throughout the ages.
The Real Adam and Eve  (Part I)
                                                    Copyright 2015, Brett T., All Rights Reserved.
       No content of this article or of may be reproduced, duplicated, given away,
                transmitted or resold in any form without prior written permission from the author.

This, in no way, did not excuse him whatsoever. They both, ultimately, disobeyed God. Adam was just as
guilty of this. He, soon, would have his share of problems and punishments, as a result.

All three - the Serpent, Eve, and Adam - were guilty of some wrongdoing. All actions come with a price.

          …Eve was beguiled by the Serpent, then introduced her husband to the mystery of procreation.
                                                                          ("The Original Sin 2/3", n. d., p. 5)[179]

She had sex with Adam, and, within the sexual bliss of it all, succumbing to the pressure for him to "do it
for love,” Adam gave in. He ate the fruit.

Reasons to Deceive Adam

Within the arsenal of her mind, she could have come up with a number of different scenarios to deposit at
Adam’s feet:

“For the sake of the love of your Creator,
 Remember also our first love.”[162]

“But, if you have love towards me,
 Listen attentively to your partner,
 Take, eat too the fruit with me,
 So that I may remained with you in this Paradise.”[163]

“Adam shall I be stripped like you? I ate too much and was stripped because of that. You eat just a

“What do you suppose – that I will die and another Eve will be created for you? Or that I will die and you
 will have no obligations?”[165]

“Who else will be a helper for you?”[166]

“Eat and do not separate me from you. If we live, let us live together, and if we die, let us die

“It is better that we either die together or live together, since our Creator formed us together.”[168]

“That first love of yours is false,
 For you do not care about my return.”[169]

“I, your body, am wounded in this way,
 [But] you remain thus, uncaring.”[170]

Eve begged, even cried, until Adam finally turned weak in the knees.[171]

Adam Deciding on Love

Adam had a number of things swirling in his mind:

He wished to hearken to her speech,
 For he had great love for her.[172]

But when he looked at the woman’s begging and <her> tears, he felt pity in his heart.[173]

When he saw her nakedness, he was afraid to eat. When he saw her beauty, he became foolish.[174]

…Adam, because of his love for the woman, could not restrain himself…[175]

It’s interesting that
love, here, seems to have been a major element of Adam’s seduction. He wasn’t think-
ing of his
purpose that God gave him; he wasn’t rationalizing if his disobedience was the right thing to do
or not; it was
emotions flowing into his thought-process that helped make his decision. Emotions such as
love were gaining a major foothold over his thinking.

Although man’s well being is contingent upon his making the correct choices, volition (desire) frequently
acts contrary to the intellect, due to the paradox of various faculties within man struggling for control.
                                                      - Ibn Ezra, Commentary on the Pentateuch: Genesis 78[176]

Eve, as we know, was probably the Biblical equivalent of the ancient pagan goddess of
love.[177] Why?
Again, it was
she who used the technique of love as a way for change. Love, according to pagan thought,
has the power to change the world. Apparently, through the manipulation of Eve, love
did help to change
the world into what it is now!
Again, looking at things from this opposite viewpoint - the
pagan viewpoint- one can begin to see why they
cherish love. Love did help change the world - into something more of what
the Serpent wanted! The
Serpent now had his “way.” Most of us can see that love isn’t always the answer; it isn’t always the “cure
all” for all the world’s problems. But today, in our pagan-influenced world, doing something for “the
of love
” is honorable… often placed on a pedestal above, or without, God! Eve, the new pagan
“goddess,” was originally thought to have conferred "a great wisdom” upon mankind – this
wisdom was,
most probably, that of the Serpent![178]

Adam Finally Fell

As the “coup de grace,” Eve was about to use same fornication as the Serpent did to her:
Adam and Other Women

One of the thoughts that could have flowed into Eve’s mind (which helped drive her resolve), revolved
around Adam, himself: if either Adam or God found out about her coition, God could, very easily, couple
Adam with another woman.[159] It was at this time the sacrament of marriage probably worked. It was
plain that Adam could not find
anyone else that he liked; Eve was the closest thing to him in many ways,
and he enjoyed the company of her, and her alone. He, it seems, didn’t mind having one woman for the
rest of his life, and she him. Eve didn’t want the “perfect union” to end.

If I do die, Adam would couple himself another woman. He would forget I had ever existed. If I am to die,
why should he be allowed to go on living? If I had done wrong, so has he. He lied to me…
                                                                                                 (Eichhorn, 1957, p. 26)[160]

Through her self-absorption, Eve began to rationalize her attempts to seduce her man, just like
she was.

Fornication With Adam

    For she contrived a newly begotten speech.
    The serpent deceived the ignorant woman,
    But she the first, primordial man.
                   - Adamgirk: The Adam Book of Arak’el of Siwnik 1.3.122[161]
To Live Forever, and Be 'Lord' Over Adam

Eve could have already known that the Serpent, and other Nephilim around her, came from the world
before them (or, at least, had some
knowledge of this world). She may have also perceived that the
terrestrial angels around her could have possessed certain
secrets, such as how to live long lives.
Because of this, she may have been “…led to desire to acquire a life which should be free from old age,
and from all decay” - another "forked-tongued" lie spun by the Serpent, to snag her into his web.[120]

To Be Bountiful Through Children, as Well

Naturally, as a woman, Eve may have also been anxious to understand how children come about, and
when it would happen to her. She wanted to use her “equipment” that God had set up for her. The Serpent
may also had this information, as well, and would only make it available to her if she followed what
he put
in front of her. He assured her he knew how:

    (Your) Blindness/ignorance will be cleared
    Your springs will be opened.
    Children will come forth
                                 (Halevi, 1997, p. 168)[121]

The Serpent/Sammael began to build a sense of
independence in the woman’s spirit, here. She could
become a “god” without anybody’s help; she could know how to successfully have children – something
Adam probably didn’t know. At least in her eyes, the Serpent was
opening her mind to some wonderful
ideals, as well a sense of liberation![122] She began to desire how to understand and do things
on her own,
without Adam or God. In fact, she could even be a lead, or head, over both of them:

She hastened to eat before her husband that she might become head over her husband, that she might
become the one to give command to that one why which she was to be commanded and that she might be
older in divinity than that one who was older in she in humanity.
                                            - St. Ephrem the Syrian: Selected Prose Works Section II 20[123]

All she needed to do was to
follow the Serpent’s advice and she could, essentially, “have it all.”

To Doubt Adam and The Tree

On top of this, “…her curiosity and a desire for secret knowledge caused her to slightly doubt the word (of
Adam).”[124] The Serpent was about to work on Adam’s “do not touch” mistake. This was his “way in;” the
seeds of doubt were about to take root. He, eventually, could convince her that there was a
conspiracy of
some kind against her (by God, and her man Adam), and they were trying to keep her “down,” or “out of
the loop.” Maybe, both of them were trying to withhold some divine information from her, and did not want
her to share in their privilege.[125] Obviously, this probably was given fuel by the additional instructions of
Adam to not touch the fruit, which Eve remembered. This allowed Eve the fuel she needed to distrust.[126]
The Serpent walked over to the tree; touched it; he even shook it. Eve saw the serpent did not die. It
became apparent her man lied to her - the words of Adam, and her God, were false.[127] Eventually,
“…she was convinced Adam was a dishonest person the serpent is the
only decent and honest being
around…”[128] The Serpent was “right;” he and he alone cared for her welfare. Eventually, she came to
the conclusion:

       Her man lied to her; the Serpent was actually knowing a secret of the tree that he alone would
                                                        eat the fruit and become like God.
                                                                                        (Eichhorn, 1957, p. 20)[129]

The anger and emotions Eve began to feel against her man, and her God, must have turned her sour in
regards to her whole existence![130] This may have led her to let the Serpent continue with his seduction.
And continue he did!

    The wicked one opened her mouth,
    She consumed the poison of the serpent’s tongue.
    She swallowed completely,
                             - Adamgirk: The Adam Book of Arak’el of Siwnik 102[131]

And, so reasoning, she allowed the Serpent to run his… (hands) over her body, to pull her gently to the
ground, and to make love to her in the same manner as the still sleeping Adam had made love to her.
                                                                                                 (Eichhorn, 1957, p. 20)[132]

The Serpent
possessed Eve in this sexual manner. Because of this, according to some, Eve was even
considered the Serpent’s
companion, for a time![133] They both contributed, willingly, to the sexual coition.

After their coition reached its climax… she bit the fruit.

A New Role for Sex

One ideology of Babylonian history tell us is that, “wisdom came from the power of procreation, hence the
worship of
sex became manifest in every pagan religion.”[134] What exactly could be this wisdom be, here?
Could this be the
wisdom of the Serpent? Interesting enough, the inherent power contained in procreation,
after the fall, would eventually be worshipped as something “strait from a god” (or, in this case, a fallen
angel). Pagans everywhere would believe that the way to achieve
divinity and occult knowledge was, in
part, through this act of
procreation![135] Could this have all been a reflection of what happened at the
What could be this “power” behind sex, anyway? Could it be associated with those internal “fires” within
mind - “generated” throughout in the body via increased sexual friction? This is not to say that the
sex act is inherently
evil, but when it becomes mentally desirable over what God wanted it to be, it then
can become a problem. We recall the Bible verse of Romans 1:25 (KJV), which states that people
“worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator.” In other words, people began to think
of the power inherent in this act of creation (i.e. procreation) than the actual Creator of the act, Himself! No
wonder why, in so many ancient pagan cultures, the
snake was considered, “a very ancient symbol that
represented the conveyance of sexual desires, hidden wisdom and secret knowledge!”[136]


                       After the Serpent polluted her, he inveigled her to eat of the forbidden fruit.
                                                                                (Eisenmenger, 1748, p. 21)[137]

After their “dirty deed,” were there any significant changes that took place? Apparently, some things
change within Eve:

           Chavah (Eve) came into the world and clung to the serpent. He injected impurities into her…
                                                                              - Zohar 7 Chayei Sara 3[138]

                                  When the serpent mounted Eve, he injected filth into her…
                                                                              - The Babylonian Talmud Shabbath 146a[139]

What was this
filth, or impurity, exactly?


Even though this might not be directly related to the aforementioned filth, the following did seem to have
begun in Eve at approximately the same time she and the Serpent had copulated:

                                       Menstruation came to Eve with the enjoyment of the fruit.
                                                                                       (Ginzberg, 1909, p. 101)[140]

According to tradition, when Eve cut off a piece of the tree, and bit of the fruit, the tree, in a way, “
maybe a significance of the terrible changes which now were about to be unleashed into the world. Maybe
God, in no uncertain terms, let Eve know that she would bleed, because she “
caused the tree to
Blood, once the symbol of life, was now destined to have negative and corrupted connotations, because
of the fall. As the “blood” of the tree was shed during this time, blood, now, may
need to be shed from the
one who
caused it, and any of those born after. Ultimately, not only did tradition state this act was the start
of menstrual cycles in women, but that blood would have to be shed in other ways - as an attempt to
reconcile these sins of the Garden. Enter the need for blood sacrifice.

There were
more changes to people and our world, regarding this filth, impurity, and blood.

The "Evil Inclination"

Because mankind was about to inherit the desires for self-esteem; upon the completion of Eve eating the
(and Adam soon-to-be, as well), a “supernatural change” would come upon the world – a change
which would occur to the
rest of the Adamites and pre-Adamites. This “supernatural” addition could,
in part, be connected with what's called the “Evil Inclination.”[142] The angel Sammael, using the Serpent as
his “vessel,” injected a supernatural "filth" (a “venereal disease,” of sorts) into the entire human race.
Through this supernatural corruption of humankind, the Serpent affected all “with the taint of impurity.”[143]
As the name suggests, the
Evil Inclination could simply stand for one's “tendency to do evil.” It is a good
number of inner, negative tendencies - often revolving around emotions such as jealously, pride, and envy
within an individual - an extremely “self-centered” view of one's world.[144] This serpentine nature would
allow Eve ways of thinking she never had before – many upon many
negative additions to the original
human nature.[145]

      Volition (desire) is animated by the intellectual faculty but it is opposed by lust which originates
                                                   from the appetitive and sensitive dimensions…
                                                         - Ibn Ezra, Commentary on the Pentateuch: Genesis 78[146]

In other words, the rational or intellectual thoughts of one's mind were now challenged - to the extreme -
by thoughts of the Evil Inclination.
Lusts, for example, were really not a part of the original human psyche…
until now.


                                             Eve alone he possessed her and infused her with lust…
                                                                             (Schwartz, 2004, p. 447)[147]

Lust, as one author puts it: “the root and beginning of every sin.“[148] For simplicity sake, lust involves one
trying to use, in an
excessive form or amount, something around them for their self-worth (or esteem). One
problem with lust lies with the amount of
effort or time being put into gathering one's desire. Another
problem lies in the
dedication one has towards achieving this goal. In other words, when an individual’s
desire begins to
consume their life and priorities, or if they put this desire on a level higher than God, then
it assuredly becomes
lust. When we go back to the coition between Eve and the Serpent, most of us know
that sex is an act of which
lust is often associated. Is the act of sex, in and of itself, the problem, or the lust
swirling behind it?

The sexual instinct properly controlled is a great blessing... he who looks upon this instinct as something to
be repressed and denied is afflicted with a regrettable narrowness of mind and of heart.
                                                                                      (Eichhorn, 1957, p. 22)[149]

Really, it doesn’t seem to be a sin to have sex. All human beings are mammals, members of the animal
kingdom. Sex is a natural, wonderful act – a “hunger,” just like food or drink; but, again, the sin revolving
around it is about self-control, and intent! The sex act without some sort of restraint or parameters is the
real problem! It’s the same with other acts, such as, for example, the consumption of alcohol. The problem
does not lie in drinking wine itself, but the
frequency and prominence put on this act! This is what makes it
good or evil.
Lusts are referred to, in the Bible, as the sin of wrong use.[150]


Lust, as an extended “arm” of the Evil Inclination, can also begin to represent something else: idolatry or
idolatrous thoughts. Interestingly enough, both lust and idolatry, according to the Bible, seem to have a
similar root!
Idolatry is fancy name for an individual attempting to obtain ultimate wisdom, worth, or
salvation from something
other than God; which, as we know, is another typical lustful pathway! A perfect
example of this would be
self-worship - anything that can accompany mankind's desire to find his own
pathway(s) to redemption, via his own prideful interpretations; and this includes fornication.

…he might possibly mention to him the name of his idol; what evil, however, could be involved here? -
That of infusing her with sensual lust… When the serpent copulated with Eve, he infused her with lust.
                                                               - The Babylonian Talmud Mas. Yevamoth 103b[151]

Another Use of Sex - Fornication

In his temptation, the Serpent utilized something from our earthly realm (i.e. sex) to help get him what he
wanted. The Serpent utilized an outwardly-appealing, worldly pleasure to help
inscribe his own corrupt
thoughts and ideologies into Eve! Using an aid (like sex) to assist one to get what they want has another
obscure, yet important, title:
fornication. Incredibly enough, lust, idolatry, and fornication can often be
lumped together, in a specific way.

…we write unto them (Gentiles), that they abstain from pollutions of idols, and from fornication, and from
things strangled, and from blood… abstain from meats offered to idols, and from blood, and from things
strangled, and from fornication…
                                                           - Acts 15:20, 29 (KJV)

Three of the above mentioned positively relate to idolatry. Note how fornication is lumped right
along with
the rest of them! Why? Beyond the common definition of “sex beyond marriage,” fornication can also be
considered the “mixing of the Pure Word of God with the words of manmade creeds, dogmas and
traditions” – in other words, an
adulteration of the original purpose of the act! It is similar to one holding
“a carrot” over another person’s head, in order to achieve some type of goal. The sexual act can also be
used in this way – coition in
exchange for some kind of remedy.
When used in these ways, it actually turns sex into “a direct mockery of God,” and what He wants for this
world.[152] Ultimately, eating food, drinking wine, and having sex are not evil i
n themselves – evil resides
how they’re used.[153]

One example of this manner of fornication in the Bible is the harlot church of Revelation (Chapters 14, 17,
and 18). In the Bible, a woman was often used as a model for the Church. In this case, the Bible stated
that many churches (many “Christian” churches, assuredly), around the world, would eventually succumb
to pressures around them, and “sell their body (or soul)” for the sake of some earthly pleasure, or
It is true, today, that, for the sake of “political correctness,” many churches
are abandoning the fun-
damental principles of the Bible; to make their dogma “fit in” with a lot of what our secular - often pagan-
influenced – world may want! If people aren’t being directed towards the God of the Bible, then
are they heading towards, with changes such as this? No wonder why it’s easier and easier to see why
Scriptures link
fornication with idolatry: fornication is the mechanics used to convert an individual, or an
entire church,
away from God, and towards the direction of some earthly desire, or lust.

It was
disobedience, and disobedience alone, which merited the punishment for Adam and Eve! It was the
fornication – the improper (i.e. wrong) use of sex – which was the problem in the Garden; not the act,
alone. It was
lust infused into the human race which was behind the desire for excess and indulgence into
worldly things. It was one’s desire for something
other than God for ultimate gratification and/or salvation
that turns it in to
idolatry; not the worldly things, in and of themselves.

Cycles of Self-Destruction

Beyond copulation, beyond the instillation of the Evil Inclination, beyond menstruation, even beyond
fornication, there were other changes occurring within the very nature of Eve, herself; as well, the rest of
the human race.

…for the serpent of Eve, being the symbol of pleasure… attacks man, that is… the reasoning power which
is in every one of us… the enjoyment and free use of excessive pleasure is the destruction of the mind…
                                                          - The Works of Philo Judaeus On Husbandry 24.108[154]

Again, it is often unabated,
emotional desires within an individual that helps them make quick, often
erroneous, decisions. Although the Serpent/Sammael did their best to convince Eve to partake of the
fruit, she,
ultimately, made the decision to disobey God. She used her free will, and had no one else to
At the same time their coitus was going on, the Serpent demanded one more thing from Eve: an
oath. He
induced Eve into swearing something such as the following:

"(Eve speaking) I will give also to my husband to eat. And when he had received the oath from me, he went
and poured upon the fruit the poison of his wickedness, which is lust, the root and beginning of every sin,
and he bent the branch on the earth and I took of the fruit and I ate."
                                                          - The Apocalypse of Moses / Apocalypsis Mosis, 29 3[156]

She swore. Now, it was up to her to convince Adam to do the same… to fulfill this promise.[157] She now
had to go down some difficult pathways, in her mind, to achieve what she promised. Through this "multi-
leveled" attack, Eve’s mind was about to succumb to the avarice that “came from within her self.”[158]
Serpent Now to Have Conversation with Eve

As we recall, the heavenly angel Sammael “rode atop of” the terrestrial Serpent (i.e. he was allowed to
“possess” him), and, they, together, were on their way toward attempting to bring Adam down. The two,
together, possessed a great deal of this other-worldly knowledge. All they had to do was to find an oppor-
tunity to capitalize on the situation. The opportunity arose. Adam’s mistake was one arrow in their quiver,
already. Adam and Eve were lying together, just resting; but Eve became a little anxious to get up and
actually do something. She saw the Serpent in another area of the Garden, and it looked like to her that
he wanted to strike up a conversation.

Adam was sleeping… with naïve curiosity and the aversion to the boredom of silence… Eve quietly eased
her body away from sleeping Adam to glade to the waiting Serpent.
               (Eichhorn, 1957, p. 17)[107]

The Serpent's Poison Thoughts

As we know, another name for the Serpent - Azazel – meant, “the strong one of God;” while Sammael
meant “the poison of God.” After all of this would go down in the Garden, their names may have both been
changed, to reflect a
negative tone. Now, they, together, would be the strength of an adversary against
God, as well the one who’d preach
poison against the word of God. Their poison was about to begin –
in their attempt to seduce Eve, then Adam; and, through other terrestrial angels, also to the rest of mankind:

        There are other servants of the Devil who aim at us poisonous shafts of word and thought…
                                                                                 - St. Ambrose, On Paradise 22[108]

Until this opportunity, the Serpent may have had the feeling Adam would be “on guard,” and be looking for
any attempts to overthrow this manager role. He also understood that Adam loved Eve. Tradition tells us
the Serpent may have already held some preconceived notions about women (possibly from his knowledge
of the world before Adam): “I know that she will listen to me; for women listen to all creatures…”; as well, he
had this (seemingly negative) assumption about her: “…she is simple, and knoweth nothing.”[109] He also
came to this conclusion:

…as his (Adam’s) body are of a masculine sort, and competent to disentangle the notions of seduction;
but the mind of the woman is more effeminate, so that through her softness she easily yields and is easily
caught by the persuasions of falsehood, which imitate the resemblance of truth.
                                                       - The Works of Philo Judaeus Questions and Answers 35[110]

Again, understanding what goes on
inside a person’s mind helps to escalate this deciphering of Mystery
. The Serpent/Sammael were the first to promote this "poisoning" of the mind – which began at
this conversation with Eve!
Most of us have heard of a serpent with a “forked tongue.” As we’ll see, the method of choice the Serpent
used to deceive Eve was: “saying one thing with the tongue and by harboring other thoughts in his mind” –
in other words, mixing lies with truth.[111] Receivers of this “poison” would eventually believe the
because of these twists; and, often, become
emotional over what they were told, as a result!

…there are other occasions when many other kinds of temptations are in store for us. Some of these come
from the Prince of this world, who has vomited into this world what might be called poisonous wisdom, so
that men believe the false to be true and are emotionally carried away by mere appearance.
                                                                               - St. Ambrose, On Paradise 21[112]

When the Serpent first encountered Eve, he began to say things such as: "I hear that thou art
wiser than
all the beasts…”, when, in reality, he felt just the opposite – just setting her up for the fall.[113] Later on,
the Serpent would upset Eve by saying things such as, “(Eve, you are)… not intelligent, you are the same
as a brute animal!”[114] The old “bait and switch” approach - regarding
the human mind - could easily
work to pervert, pollute, or adulterate one’s own decision-making process. These twists, often, also work
to create some type of
passionate or emotional response, as well.

"Hath God Said"

The Serpent’s mental “assault” began. The Bible also picks up on this conversation, at this time. The
Serpent, next, asks her those four famous words:

                                                                       Yea, hath God said…
                                                                                         - Gen. 3:1 (KJV)

In other words, “God said what…?” With this question, he attempted to destabilize Eve’s competence,
as well, put a
wedge into her trust. This was used to plant that “seed of doubt” into her mind; to question
her God, her husband Adam, and his commands to her.

"Be as Gods"

The Serpent, next, would try to make her question her position in the Garden, as well as being a woman
and a help meet. He hoped to falter Eve by use of “the lust of the eyes (I John 2:16).” The phrases
“desirable to the eyes” and “opening of the eyes” could, quite possibly, signify one being able to “see”
themselves, be aware of their
own surroundings, or be aware of who they are. Simply put: it is being
self-aware. Ultimately, this awareness of the eyes could represent thoughts that Eve never really needed
to contemplate before: thoughts concerning her own
self-worth, or esteem.
We’ve already touched on the
soul, and how it could equate to a person’s consciousness, or conscious
thoughts. Before their Fall, Adam and Eve could have utilized a lot of their conscious thought. But, they,
and every man and woman around them, may have been lacking
one part of their conscious mind (or soul)
that we have today – the desire
to raise one’s own self-worth. Out of all the lies the Serpent was be-
ginning to tell, we’ll soon see he
did tell Eve, at least in part, some truth: she was missing a part of her
soul, a part that God and His angels had, already.[115] The truth probably involved this perception
of self-
, or worth. The “knowledge of good and evil” could, very well, have been this “self-awareness,”
or fundamental desire to raise one’s own self-esteem.
We know that, until this time, Adam and Eve
did have some rudimentary knowledge of good and evil, right
and wrong. They knew, for example, that it was wrong to break God’s commandment of not eating the fruit
of this Tree of Knowledge. What they probably didn’t understand were the ways they would use to
their own self-esteem, and why they would even need to.

                          …good and evil means knowing what is or is not profitable for life.
                                                                                    (Brandon, 1963, p. 134)[116]

Simply, “good” probably stands for what is “good” or “not good” to raise one’s own self-worth! Until the
Fall, there was
no need for anyone to feel this “need,” nor use anything around them to help them
achieve it. All Adam and Eve had to do was to manage a garden, look to God for guidance, and obey that
one and only law he had.
When they had sex, for example, they just “did it.” There were no stipulations on the process. No one
person was “using” another. Neither was concerned about having their own self-esteem
in any way. It just felt good for both! As well, Adam and Eve did not understand how one could become
greedy, or how possessing things around them, such as
riches, could also raise their feelings of self-worth.
They, as well, did not understand how
to take advantage of anyone else, for their own causes.

Adam, Eve, and the rest of the people at the time, really didn’t understand much about
guilt, as well. It all
seemed to work. Adam and Eve didn’t really have to worry about shame or embarrassment because they
kept God’s law. Adam knew he should be humble, and was given the ability to blush; maybe these things
were ingrained into our human psyche for a reason –
in case there was ever a fall from grace.

Let’s look more into the lies the Serpent mixed in with the truth, and what he would do next.

God - the Racist

Next, the Serpent followed with the suggestion: “he (God) is alive in heaven, better off than you.”[117] He
continued: “Thou must know that God is wicked and envious, and therefore he brooketh (wanteth) no
equals, but keepeth every one for a slave in order that ye may not become equal to him.”[118] Wow; now
that's a brash statement. Sounds like a lot of what flies around the media, today. The Serpent implied God
was some sort of supremacist, bigot, or “racist.” He wanted no “equals,” but, rather, wanted everyone
‘beneath’ him as his slave. It’s interesting how the Serpent, flat out, accused
God of being envious when it
him who was actually full of it. The Serpent accused God of being some sort of “supremacist;” when,
again, it was he who thought of himself as superior!
The Serpent may have introduced the concept to Eve that all should be
equal, even though the whole
ranking of angels under God was actually
set up to be a hierarchy. The whole angelic world they knew of
was full of rank and order; the Garden was the same – these claims were probably the beginning to any
type of
communistic way of looking at things. That’s one way the “poison” of the Serpent works: a
hypocritical outcry of someone, such as the Serpent, who lashes out, or accuses, others openly of what
he actually is “swimming in,” or believes! The Serpent/Sammael know they are from an angelic hierarchy
of rank and file (of which they both were, at one time, very close to the top); and that it
This was one way certain individuals, such as the Serpent, try to draw attention away from the
true source
of the problem, and onto other people.
The Serpent continued with his lies, by suggesting to Eve that, if she only listened to him, “…ye shall do
that which ye
please, because ye shall be equal to God."[119] According to the Serpent's hypocritical
“way,” everyone should, and would, be the same, even though he knew that wasn't the way things worked.
Any safety concerns of Adam seemed to be quite justified. He and his Garden were surrounded by a num-
ber of terrestrial angels who hoped to do him harm. The Bible even hints that 1/3 of God’s angels rebelled
against Him, and joined the movement of the Serpent and Sammael. Adam was intelligent, but vastly
outnumbered. But, of course, Adam had the one ally on his side unlike all others:

The knowledge Adam and his wife had was probably limited to the world they
knew. As previously
suggested, the Serpent, Sammael, and other angels could have experienced the world before Adam, and
had a lot of knowledge of how things may have worked. How could these angels overthrow him? They had
knowledge; most probably, “other worldly” knowledge that Adam didn’t:

                                The One who gave man intelligence gave it to the serpent as well.
                                          - Rabbi Abraham Ibn Ezra’s Commentary on the Creation 77[101]

"Do Not Touch"

Adam probably went about his business, serving God, and utilizing his new management position; but,
almost positively, there was tension in the air.[102] In his everyday walk, God probably gave Adam
specific instructions on how to live, as well as how to think. We recall, God instructed Adam, plainly, to
eat of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. Adam may have had to forward this information to Eve;
and, just to make sure his help meet was doing things right (at least, in his eyes), he decided to do this his
own way. God told Adam not to eat of the Tree; simple. Adam (to make sure he “drove his point home”) told
Eve not to eat, as well as not
to touch. The most probable reason Adam added this additional information
was that, in his desire to make his help meet think as
cautiously as he did, conceived the idea that she may
need additional instructions. It was plain he did not trust the words of God, and felt the necessity to add
additional verbiage to this statement.[103] This was the beginning of Adam’s error:

He felt that he was stronger in mind and in will than was she and, consequently, she would have to be
given extra physical and spiritual safeguards in order that she might be protected against any physical or
spiritual force which would seek to do her harm.
                                        (Eichhorn, 1957, p. 13-14)[104]

In a way, it sounded
noble to do this to his wife; in a way, it didn’t. Regardless, it was disobedient because
it wasn’t what God said to do! There could have been another reason Adam felt the need to do it this way:

It was because of his affection for Eve and because of his desire to do that which he thought was best for
her welfare that Adam tried to improve upon the wisdom and will of God.
     (Eichhorn, 1957, p. 14)[105]

No man – even the man whose soul was breathed directly to him by God – could
improve on God, himself!
Obedience was crucial here; not the addition of one’s own “two cents worth.” Adam wanted to show love
for Eve, here, assuredly. Again, this sounded noble, especially in today’s world; but, Adam didn’t need to
improve upon the will and wisdom of the Creator of our universe! It was the first, grand mistake of the
Through this act, Adam may have, inadvertently, even helped contribute to his own downfall - by setting up
a situation where Eve could be confused, and not believe him. Eventually, she could even be convinced
that he
lied to her - and that’s exactly what happened.[106] This was the Serpent’s opportunity to drive a
wedge between their love and total trust.
So, from man's rib God creates this rational being, and in his inventive wisdom he makes it complete and
perfect, like man in every detail rational, capable of rendering him what would be of assistance in times of
need and the pressing necessities of life. It was God, you see, who was arranging everything in his wisdom
and creative power.
                                          - St. Chrysostom, Homilies on Genesis Homily 15[82]

Interestingly enough, God probably wanted Eve to
think like Adam; hence the reason for His choice of

           God made Eve from a rib, a part of the body which, notably, was the most modest and chaste.
                                                                                    (Bialik and Ravnitzky, 1992, p. 19)[83]

Apparently, God intended Eve to think with much of the same humility, reasonable, and rational thinking as
Adam. Even though they were both of one body, they, naturally, should still be different in
some ways,
however. They were different in gender, which, at least, could have given them
some differences of opinion.
Ultimately, they were two individuals, and no two people are
exactly alike. Regardless, they got along, and
Adam was happy – at least for now. God was pleased with the ways they thought, and how they acted.

Adam and Eve's "Spark"

In some respects, Adam could have even been thought of as another “Fiery Being,” of sorts, before the
Fall; just like his angelic counterparts. It seems there had been a piece of this ”fiery” nature that God
allotted to Adam and Eve's soul, as well.[84]

On that day, God gave the new couple… a piece of the Divine Name… And so Adam changed his name…
(and Eve’s name, as well), adding a holy spark to their union. But God warned them that this gift might not
be theirs forever. For if they shut God… out of their hearts and betrayed their love for each other the divine
spark would abandon them and return to God. Then each would… be only left with… fire. And this fire
would consume their love and destroy them.
                                      (Frankel, 1989, p. 24)[85]

Interestingly enough, “The suffix ‘
ah’ - at the end of many Hebrew names - can mean "of God," "from God,"
or "brother of God.”[86] The original names given to Adam and Eve could have been “
Adamah” and
Chavah,” respectively. Possibly, the angelic “fire” was represented by the addition of certain emotions and
passions to their thoughts, as well! This surely could have been willed, at least in some degree, to all the
souls of mankind; well maintained by a rational sense of restraint and temperament. At first, these “fires”
must have worked well – it helped build passion in their sexual activity, for example. Nothing, seemingly,
was done out of any bounds by anyone; nothing was unsavory. It all seemed to work with people; and all
retained some sense of a reasonable or sensible boundary. Which leads us to this:

                                  …the sexual urge is always natural and only sometimes sinful.
                                                                                       (Eichhorn, 1957, p. 21)[87]

It seems there is a lot of inner “fire” inherent in the sexual act, itself. As a small flame might develop into a
huge bonfire, the act of coition seems to generate more and more “heat” (only, on a different level). The
act, itself, wasn’t really looked upon in any negative way back then, however:

     And God blessed them. That is, the generative power which he infused in them, that is their blessing.
                                                       - Barhebraeus’ Scholia on the Old Testament 6a 28[88]

And what a paradise they had: plenty of this healthy passion, without evil connotations attached to it. The
Garden was truly a place of wonderful parameters, open understanding, and no corruption or excesses we
hear about today; “…God created the garden for the pleasure of humanity…”[89] So pleasurable was it,
in fact, that Adam and Eve seemed to be in a continual state of blissful nakedness.
Their up-and-coming temptation would allow for, not only their
loss of innocence, but the loss of the
divine apparel which surrounded them. Ultimately, it allowed for, as well, the perversion of the
internal “fires” within their minds.
But, until then, Adam and Eve didn’t just lie around and enjoy the pleasures of the Garden; they both
worked. They both had roles in the Garden. There were reasons for these roles, apparently – and, this,
also, seemed to have
mental connotations.


The reason God wanted Adam and Eve to do at least some work was that, obviously, it must have been
good for them, in some way. Even back in the Garden, there were positive implications of
work on the
human psyche.

                      The ideal existence for man is not idle enjoyment, but easy and pleasant work…
                                                                                    (Skinner, 1956, p. 66)[90]

God wanted Adam “to till it that he might not be a lover of
idleness…” and, also, to “till the garden and
watch over it lest he be unsettled by the exceeding
indulgence (of God).”[91] In other words, if Adam
and Eve did nothing but lay around, they might begin to take all of God’s kindness, favor, and leniency for

If, after all, he (Adam) had been relieved of all need to work, he would have fallen a victim to great
indulgence and at once have slipped into sloth; whereas in fact by performing some work that was pain-
less and without difficulty he would be brought to a better frame of mind.
                                                            - St. Chrysostom, Homilies on Genesis Homily 14[92]

Again, it’s was about one’s way of
thinking, one’s mental health, and having a healthy mental attitude.
Even though their world was wonderful and easygoing, there were still some things around which were
“not quite right.” Maybe another reason God put Adam to work, within the confines of a walled Garden, was
to keep him alert, and "on guard" for it. Maybe there
could have been questionable elements in their world
to watch out for; even in this finest hour:

     …the reason why God planted the Garden of Eden, in which to isolate Adam and Eve, so that they
                           might (have) found a “thinking” race capable of resisting all evil influence.
                                                                                    (Bristowe, 1950, p. 94)[93]

The Garden of Eden, as already stated, was a
walled garden, and only certain individuals were allowed in.
Why? Adam and Eve both had the positions of
watching over the Garden, as well. Again, why? Maybe there
was something unsavory, or downright evil, on the outside, left over from our previous world. Maybe some
of the terrestrial angels around could seek to do them harm, and weren’t allowed in. Maybe some of these
had knowledge which, if they were allowed in, could possibly put an end to them.

Angels Turned Worse

We know reasons why the surrounding terrestrial angels would have been contrary to Adam:

                    (The) Enemy was jealous because [Adam and Eve] were richer in glory and reason
                                                            than any other creature on the earth.
                                              - St. Ephrem the Syrian: Selected Prose Works Section II 22[94]

envy, jealously, and all the other things which angered the Serpent and Sammael over this time, and
we have a good reason why only some terrestrial angels were allowed in, and some weren’t. The Serpent,
though, still had limited access to the Garden.[95]

                                     When Adam is not here, the Serpent will look after Paradise.
                                                                          - Saltair na Rann 1193-1196[96]

Due to his position, “…he (the Serpent) would have been second only to Adam in the animal hierarchy.”[97]
We already know that Sammael (i.e. Satan) was not allowed in: “Nor was Satan himself permitted to come
to Adam in the garden, neither in human appearance nor in divine vision.”[98] Each angel, for their own
individual reasons, vowed vengeance on Adam, and for their

The Serpent rationalized how God “screwed him over,” and, thought to himself:

                  "…as you have beguiled me I will certainly make (vices) alluring to them on earth,
                                                               and I will beguile them all."
                                                                                         (Kathir, 2006, p. 109)[99]

Sammael, as well, dreamed about how things would be for Adam after he took out his revenge:

                           "…you being put out of the land of good Paradise and I being put
                                                                  out of holy Heaven."
                                                                            - Saltair na Rann 1781-1784[100]
Most of the angels around understood their role, and would bow down to Adam's authority. Sammael, the
Serpent, and certain other angels, on the other hand, utilized their “makeup” to the fullest potential. As
one may suspect, a being from
fire could be prone to act with a lot of emotions, passions, or be apt to
exhibit these qualities of “frivolity, impatience, haste, and burning.” The word
frivolity can be equated to
“thoughtlessness, idleness, triviality, inconsequentiality, and foolishness” - the
opposite of getting down
to business in a serious way; the opposite of using common sense; as well, being unconcerned about any
sort of serious purpose. The Serpent and Sammael were beginning to let their emotions run amuck. They
let their “fires inside” to take over their rational thinking. They obviously must have considered their ways
of thinking “a step above” Adam, because they were
closer to the divine.
It’s so important to understand all of these
mental elements to the Garden of Eden story, as well. In
regards to the Serpent/Sammael, it was “his
natural disposition and evil composition that betrayed
him… (as he was created from fire).”[65] Both were allowing his
own nature to deceive him; which, in the
end, “compelled him to baseness.”[66]

Adam's Different Mind

These “spiritual” qualities in dust weren’t the only thing about Adam that was different. God, as many of
us know, created Adam for a
unique working purpose in the Garden, and by His own hand. This,
assuredly, would have added fuel to those “fires” of angelic envy.[67] On top of this, God would “breathe”
a soul directly into Adam: a strong,
rational soul![68]

       …the "breath of life" might reasonably be taken as indicating that man received the non-material
                                                  or spiritual side of his being from his Maker...
                                                                                         (Brandon, 1963, p. 124)[69]

                                           So Adam created on earth with Breath from above.
                                                                                         (Schwartz, 2004, p. 136)[70]

This soul, or “breath of life,” also seems to have
mental elements to it. We may soon begin to see how the
soul could actually equate to a person’s use of their conscious, or rational, mind.
Apparently, the
intellect of Adam was something special, as well; but it was not the same as our world
would most often define
intelligence, today.[71] It wasn’t necessarily how much information Adam had, or his
I.Q., but (first and foremost) the
way he thought about things, and how he understood things.[72]
One author describes Adam’s divine gift of intelligence as his “living soul” - of which this soul was equated
to one’s reflective or intellectual life.[73] In other words, Adam was
reflective of his surroundings: he under-
stood and faced up to what he did. He always remained in his conscious thought.
He was also probably given the capacity to reasonably understand feelings of guilt, and how one should
deal with these feelings. Interestingly enough, Adam was known as the "
blusher.” Blushing is an outward,
physical characteristic of one who feels guilt, shame or embarrassment. He did not only come from
dust, but he was able to show red, or blood, in his face - when it was time for him to feel embarrassed. This
was probably a failsafe, given by God, to make Adam
physically responsible for his actions, and for every-
one to see it – any guilt would and should, literally, show up
on his face.

Beyond his outward ability to show guilt, Adam had a good deal of intelligence. Interestingly, the ancient
Romans often linked the word
man or manu (of which the Hebrew Adam could be equated) “with person-
ified intelligence and prudence.”[74] The word
intelligence could also mean “the ability to govern and
discipline oneself by the use of reason.”[75]
Prudence means, “shrewdness in the management of
affairs.”[76] In summary, Adam didn’t go “overboard” with his thinking. He thought about things
before he
did them, and maintained a “level head.” Another interpretation of
intelligence is the “basic eternal quality
of divine Mind” – interesting to link
intelligence with the divine, here.[77] Because his soul was given to
him directly from God, naturally, it’s easy to assume that Adam strongly possessed a number of mental
facilities akin to how God most likely
wanted His people to act! That is why this is all so important, here.

These ways of thinking must have made Adam famous to others around him.[78] We recall, in Gen. 2:19-20,
Adam was involved in a contest between him and all the terrestrial angels around the Garden – whoever
could name all the animals that walked in front of them would be the winner. We know who won. The
angels were taken back by this defeat. What the angels lost, most importantly to them, was their
Although they lost, Adam remained
humble; and the angels should have taken note at his example. This
was just the way it was back then; and God wanted those terrestrial angels and humans alike to under-
stand each other’s role in this world
; and that this was the way He wanted it.

All of the Sex Around Him

Around this same time, a number of the Adamites, pre-Adamites, as well as the animals around him,
seemed to have mates. In a lot of these pairings, coition was most probably taking place. Adam knew most
of the couples around him were having sex, and enjoying the pleasures in the process; and he probably felt
alone.[79] According to a few ancient sources, he may have even tried to cohabitate with some of the other
women around him; ultimately, not getting along with any of them.[80]
There is a very interesting account which states the following: after Adam became manager of the Garden,
Sammael and the Serpent (as we know) spoke out against it. So, God “demoted” both angels. Because of
their rebellion, God may have decided to punish Sammael even more, for whatever reason!
He could have, at this time, then took Lilith (a female consort to Sammael) and gave her to be Adam’s wife!
This surely infuriated Sammael – the most significant female in his existence was now in the arms of the
one he hated the most. But, obviously, all of this was by design – his extreme thoughts of
pride probably
merited this resolve. There had to be some sort of punishment for such a dissention by these top angels.

Adam and Lilith, ultimately, did not get along; probably because Lilith had much of the same “fiery” passions
as her counterpart Sammael. Both were probably quick to act, and got carried away by their thoughts and
attitudes. Lilith and Adam simply did not see “eye to eye,” and she resisted Adam’s position as a man,
among other things. She eventually retreated from her wifely responsibilities, and Adam was, again, alone.
Regardless of this, Sammael was probably “bubbling over” with thoughts of revenge, at this point.


Lilith was gone; Adam was back in the same position again. There still seemed to be no one Adam wanted
to be with. Enter
Eve. This woman was fashioned directly from Adam, as many of us know - from one of
his ribs… you can’t get much closer than that! After creating her, God led her to her new husband, and
said “I provided you with a helpmate of your kind.”[81] What could be a reason that Adam was not satis-
fied with Lilith, or other people of whom he was with? Maybe a woman strait from Adam had an important
detail that other people purely did not have:
similar ways of thinking! Because Eve was made right out
of that same dust, she probably thought a lot of the same ways as her husband!

A viceroy, simply, is “a regal official who runs a country, colony, or city province in the name of and as
representative of the monarch.”[38] Adam would become the
representative of God’s leadership in this
newly-refashioned order of things. Man, especially
Adam, was to be God’s “Crown of Creation,” and not
the angels. God did not do this to downgrade them, nor did He create Adam to become an idol. The “pro-
stration before Adam by Angels was not for Adam but for
obeying God and endearment for Adam.”[39]
Adam, as we’ll see, also wasn’t out to elevate himself, because of this position, either. He was just there to
do it the way God wanted. God really loved him, and wanted the best for this man and all other men and
women around him. Regardless, this love wasn’t accepted by the surrounding angels:

It happened, while they were all worshipping, that we (the Elohim - God and the rest of His angels) came
to the first angel whom we had created. The firstborn said to him (God), "I will never worship him who is
less than I."
                                                                        - Enthronement of the Archangel Michael[40]

Again, Sammael, the “firstborn” of heaven, considered Adam extremely
inferior.[41] If one would think about
it, then: just
who was the first “racist” in our world? Who would be the first individual to feel “superiority” over
another? It might not be who many of us think: it was
Satan. Let’s look more at how Sammael (i.e. Satan)
began to feel the way he did.
He continued:

                                             "Shall we then adore a being formed from dust?”
                                                                              (Graves and Patai, 1964, p. 82)[42]

Well, most of us know that Adam was fashioned from
dust; from a specific type of red, sandy dust, actually;
not hard ground; not clean, black soil (like the other pre-Adamites may have been). To begin His formation,
God added a bit of water to this dust, which turned into a mud-like substance (or
clay) in His hands.[43]
As special as one might assume Adam was, most of us also know that dust is truly
nothing special. Actually,
dust is symbolic of anything “more lowly and substantial even than earth…”[44] Now, why would God want
to create Adam, His
viceroy, out of something less than other people; something as worthless and insub-
stantial as dust?

                (Adam was made)… with poor material, that in this way might be shown the admirable
                                                                     skill of the craftsman.
                                                             - Barhebraeus’ Scholia on the Old Testament 6b 7[45]


                      …from such a worthless material, He (God) might bring [man] to divine glory.
                                                             - Adamgirk: The Adam Book of Arak’el of Siwnik 197[46]

There’s a reason for everything.
Along with Adam being created this way for the above reasons, there also seems to be
mental conno-
tations to why Adam was formed from
dust, as well. It’s some strange, “spiritual” way of looking at the way
things work on this earth: what one is “made out of” supposedly stands as a predictor of their future be-
havior. Those formed from humble
dust, following this example, should live out their lives by acting, often,
humble ways. Adam was reportedly created in just such a way so that he shouldn’t normally become
arrogant, and understand his place under God.[47] “Modesty, therefore, was to be a prime quality of

When we are humbled we learn to respect proper limits… he (God) gave him (Adam) complete control of
visible things lest out of ignorance of the composition of his own being he might conjure up inflated notions
of his own importance and transgress the limits proper to him.
                                                            - St. Chrysostom, Homilies on Genesis Homily 12[49]

pride was to be nowhere in Adam’s thoughts. The attitude of humility, however, seemed
very important to God; quite the opposite of how the Serpent and Sammael were starting to carry on.


Beyond this use of dust, God had more in store for His special formation. It wasn’t necessarily the color of
Adam’s skin, or his outward appearance, but the way he
thought about things, and looked at things, is what
made him special.
Another interestingly thought: Adam, it seemed, was made from a material which was
less worthy than
what the other pre-Adamites of his day were made from. Logic would assume that, since Adam was
created to be manager of the Garden, he should have been made from something
more worthy. The more
worthy of a substance one was made out of should dictate how
worthy of a person they are; right?
Obviously, this did not apply to Adam. Why? Probably because God wanted to show that it really didn’t
what a person was made out of, it’s what they did with what they had that made all the difference!
It was individual
choice; it was attitude – not being made from something more worthy. We recall Abel, for
example, was probably the son of the Serpent himself; even
that wouldn’t stop him from having the right
attitude, and making the choices to obey his God with proper sacrifice!
In this way, the composition of Adam allowed him a way to
shine. Even beings from such a seemingly
“unworthy” substance like
dust could, using proper free-will, attitude, and work, could still accomplish
great things.

Still Not Good Enough for Sammael & the Serpent

The angels were made from more of a “heavenly” material than any of these lowly men. Wouldn’t that be
good enough for Sammael and the Serpent? It obviously wasn’t, because God knew their hearts; He knew
their pride. The two were at the “boiling point” of emotional passion because of Adam. God said to
Sammael, point blank, about how it was, and how it was going to be: “…this creature (Adam)…
you in wisdom and understanding.[50]
Apparently, just because Adam was made from something “less” than Sammael did not mean he didn’t
have some exceptional qualities. As a probable result of discontent towards God’s original plan, Sammael
was no longer allowed to
enter the Paradise of the Garden of Eden.[51] Since the Serpent felt much the
same way, he may have been allowed only limited access. The Serpent now complained that his life was
only a “mundane existence,” after hearing Adam would be the Earth’s new viceroy.[52] Being “demoted”
in these ways only upset them all the more.[53]
Why wasn’t this lowly composition of Adam, at least, enough to make the angels feel a little content about
their own selves? If they were on such a “higher” level than Adam in the first place, why were they becoming
so intimidated by human creatures made from lowly eart
h, or dust?

Dust vs. Fire

Like the angels, Adam, at first, was said to have radiated “light;” seemingly along the same lines as the
angelic beings around him.[54] This “light” is regarded “as the first manifestation of the God’s essence.”[55]
As discussed in
Creation – the Gap & Deep, around the time of the Creation of Genesis, this “light” may be
linked to God’s creation of angels on the
first day; because angels can also be viewed as “a spiritual
essence consisting entirely of
light.”[56] In other words, Adam had this same brightness as the angels; and,
seemingly, was built not to age.[57] The angels probably felt intimidated, first, that there was a terrestrial,
human being on this same “level” as them, at least in these regards. Adam was also considered very good

   His (Adam's) person was so handsome that the very sole of his foot obscured the splendor of the sun.
                                                                                  (Ginzberg, 1909, p. 28)[58]

It’s interesting to see, in the above, how Adam was thought to be so “radiant” with heavenly light that he
was even thought to have
outshone the sun. We recall in our last section how Adam and the sun probably
were paralleled, according to pagan thought. Now, we see more reasons why. One author stated that
Adam was created, “for the
service of the Holy One, and the orb of the sun for the service of mankind.”[59]
In other words, Adam and the sun were similar in this way because the two were both
symbols of the
highest authority in the world! Adam would benefit the earth in a
spiritual way (as in being God’s viceroy);
the sun would benefit the earth in a
natural way (as in its warmth and life-giving properties). We now can
see even
more reasons why the ancients probably associated Adam (and, eventually the Serpent) with
the sun; both were fashioned for the service of mankind!
As an earthly “shepherd” over animals, people, and angels alike, Adam wasn’t exactly the same as other
angels in one respect: while both the angels and Adam radiated heavenly light, Adam was
still made from
lowly dust; a number of the angels around him, however, were made out of a divine fire (or, a so-called
“smokeless” fire).[60] Most of us know the characteristics of
fire: it can become extremely hot; it can easily
get out of control; it can quickly burn and scorch. Fire can be
dangerous if not corralled or put out. Could
fire also have this strange, “spiritual” significance to it, like dust? Could fire also have parallels with the
way an individual
thinks? We’ve already seen that, although “inferior” in some aspects, Adam’s composition
dust could have provided some unique mental qualities to him, such as humility. There are more mental
attributes attributed to this
dust (or clay) of which Adam was formed:

                 Clay is not inferior to fire. It has characteristics of calmness, clemency, endurance
                                              and growth. Fire is violent, hasty, and it burns...
                                                                                                (Kathir, 2009, p. 32)[61]

The meaning of
clemency is the “disposition to be merciful,” or to be “moderate (in the) the severity of
punishment due.” In other words, Adam, from his origins, could have been more of the type to show
leniency, mercy, and love to those around him.[62] Was this unlike the angels, who were composed of fire?

…soil (an earthly element) is more beneficial and better than fire, as in the soil there are qualities of
serenity, gentleness, perseverance, and growth. While in fire there are qualities of frivolity, impatience,
haste and burning.
                                                                   (Kathir, 2003, p. 24)[63]

Anyone (i.e. human beings) born from the
soil and dust of the earth could have different qualities to their
character than those born of fire. This may give us a
good deal of insight to why these angels may have
felt so much dissent. These angels, composed of a “divine” fire, could have actually
thought differently
than human beings; as well, have had a different
attitude towards the world!
If we look at the above, these angels, from their nature, could have had more of a “fiery” disposition -
emotions, greater passions, and, often, more of an impatient demeanor to them. Adam and the
human race were fashioned this way to show to the world more of a serene way of working out things -
to be
gentler in thought and action. This, obviously, seemed to be the way God wanted individuals in this
new world of Adam to behave.
It was fairly easy to assume Adam enacted his inner potential for calm and tranquility. With perseverance,
he worked with “continued effort to do or achieve something despite difficulties, failure, or opposition.”[64]
He didn’t quickly give up on any task in the Garden, even if it may have posed a little difficulty. He didn’t
complain; he didn’t murmur; he didn’t play “the victim.” He took responsibility for his actions and did what
needed to be done. Adam strove to make something out of the Garden, and
himself. Above it all, Adam did
not let his emotions, his passions, nor his
pride, get the better of him; nor did he allow those to obstruct
his vision of accomplishment and
respect towards his God. All of these traits allowed the people and angels
around him to respect him as a
beacon of high moral character.
Voice they did.

Envy and Jealousy

The angels showed “jealously at humanity’s ‘appointment’ as supreme authority under Yahweh (God) on
earth – as opposed to the sons of God getting that job…”[31] Mankind, particularly their newly-appointed
leader, Adam, was considered God’s
prime creation, which transpired into a big threat to these angels.
Negative thoughts began to flow into their minds, such as, ”God will love him more than He does us.”[32]
Adam’s position also began to arouse this
envy - in the Serpent, especially.[33] From envy comes scorn.
Both Sammael and the Serpent became “… proud of their cause,” and “distaining” towards Adam.[34]
Distaining, simply, is defined as, “to look upon or treat with contempt; despise; scorn,” “consider beneath
one self,” or “to think unworthy of.”[35] These angels were about to let their pride overflow, for all to see.

The 'Worship' of Adam

          Said Satan… "entering into paradise shalt place me near to those two lumps of clay that are
                                                             newly walking upon the earth."
                                                                                - Gospel of Barnabas 40[36]

Who were these “
lumps of clay?” This sure sounds like a distaining comment to for someone to make!
A little prejudiced, maybe? As we’ll see, the upcoming
addition of Adam to their world, in the opinion of
some angels, would translate into a major insult to their own feelings of
superiority, a challenge to their
own knowledge base, and an intrusion into their lofty self-opinions. The Serpent and Sammael would take
it to the extremes, much more personally than all the rest - because of the positions they once had. God
was going to do something to challenge, at least in their own minds, their sovereignty to the

                …(the) Lord said unto the angels: Lo! I am about to place a viceroy in the earth.
                                                                                  (Al-amili, 2004, p. 1)[37]
Snake and serpent references, among ancient Mesopotamians, then “identified divine wisdom, sexual
energy, and a guard over the world domains.”[18] All of the talents imputed into this particular serpent of
the Garden would have given him the “upper hand” in dealing with Eve, and the ability to seduce her in a
number of ways. Just how wise was the Serpent?

                     This is the secret (or mystery) of the holy language, that a serpent is a seraph,
                                                            as an angel is called seraph.
                                                                              (Anonymous, 1834, p. 53)[19]

The prefix
ser (of serpent) means “higher being.” Some serpents could have been blessed enough to be of
this “physician” or ”doctorate” class. Those who reached this high angelic rank were known as the
Seraphim - and the Serpent was one.[20]

The Serpent and Sammael did possess some similarities, but they had differences, as well. The Serpent
was from this academic, or “doctorate,” background; Sammael a member of the heavenly “military.” The
Serpent was also anointed to be a
terrestrial angel; unlike the heavenly Sammael. As Sammael governed
over the higher orders of the heavens, the Serpent, at least at one time, ruled or governed over the lower
areas of the heavens, which included the earth, itself.[21]
The terrestrial Serpent once was even, believe it or not, considered extremely
devoted to God: he was “the
foremost of worshipers among the angels and the best of their scholars.”[22] He even was said to have
“zealously worshiped God” to the utmost.[23] All of his pre-world knowledge and devotion could have
opened some doors for him in the world of Adam.
Apparently, his zealous determination could have opened one more door for him, in the process: his
haughtiness![24] He started to become so pleased with himself that, over time, he began to think “he was
superior” to everyone around him.[25] Because of this pride, the Serpent also began to be “overbearing
toward his Lord.”[26]

We have already brushed on another proper name for this Serpent:
Azazel (or Azazil).[27] Before he
began to succumb to his pride, and commit his mighty acts of disobedience against Adam, Azazel’s name
meant “the strength” or “strong one of God.”[28] After his rebellion, it became pretty apparent he would be
viewed from then on as one who rebelled “with strength,” or was the “strong one”
against God.

Free Will

What could have happened to these two, to allow them to falter from their once-lofty positions? Why would
they show such animosity against their Lord? The answer is simple. It’s something that we see blasted all
over today’s media: bigotry, prejudice, and racism! Their “racism,” although similar in principal, was be-
tween terrestrial, angelic beings and mankind. It obviously originated when it looked like God valued
more than the angels - enough to make one of them in charge. These negative thoughts apparently began
deep within some of them, especially the Serpent and Sammael. They began to utilize what God gave
every man and angel – free will.
As the quote goes: “the greatest freedom is truly the freedom of choice.”[29] This is all so true. Angels and
mankind were able to decide for
themselves whether or not to follow God. Some would stubbornly use their
God-given gift to its fullest potential, and allow their own pride to get in the way.

   …happiness is only attained by the free will agreeing in its freedom to accord with the will of God…
                                                and in such disobedience (one) found misery.
                                                                                    (Baring-Gould, 1881, p. 15)[30]

A number of the terrestrial, as well as celestial, angels of the day were about to voice openly their own
opinions on the plans God had for His brave, new world. These plans were to begin in the Garden of
Eden, with Adam at the helm.
We will now discover another very important ancient symbol which may have changed over the years:
the Serpent himself! We recall, there may have been a number of ancient symbols which could have
mental connotations associated with them. The serpent, in ancient times, had a great deal of symbolism.
From what we know in the Bible, the Serpent’s Hebrew name,
Nachash, wasn’t a proper name; it was more
of a descriptive
title. One meaning of Nachash was "enchanter:" one skillful in the art of enchanting or
soothsaying. Quite often, ancient pictographs of a serpent probably weren’t made to represent an
serpent, or even a human being with a face of a serpent. One important (and, probably lost) mental ass-
ociation with the serpent symbol could lie in the
wisdom of a particular being![17] The serpent symbol was
probably an ancient symbol of
wisdom. These 50-or-so serpents (i.e. the Nephilim), as well as the Serpent
himself, could have
looked like other terrestrial humans – they were just very, very wise.

                                                       …be ye therefore wise as serpents…
                                                                                            - Mat. 10:16 (KJV)

This is a revealing “piece” to our ‘puzzle’ of
Mystery Babylon. Ancient interpreters of the Bible often tried to
portray that, somehow, the Serpent was an actual
snake, failing to explain how a snake could use his vocal
cords and talk, as well as carry on an intelligent, rational conversation with a human being. They failed to
realize this serpent, and all of its pertinent information in the Bible (and other sources), were actually
referring to a terrestrial, human-like angelic being - of great wisdom.
What this gives us is a lot of information about this particular group of terrestrial, human-like angels. They
could have taken, or been in, a similar form as any other human being around, and/or lived just like them.
Although some aspects of their appearance might have been outwardly noticeable, their most significant
traits revolved around their superior
mental faculties. The Serpent of the Garden, at least in the Bible,
was called “Nachash” because he possessed good number of
mental attributes and skills. He had a
repertoire of “other-worldly,” occult knowledge; most of it, probably, from his understanding of the world
before Adam!

This angel probably became important to God because of his unique fortitude. God may have even intend-
ed to allow Sammael dominion over this current world, at least until Adam was created! What made God
change his mind?
Well, God may have understood there was something going on inside him which was very wrong.[12]
With all of his power and recognition, a good amount of
pride also may have begun to develop.[13] All of
it may have “gone to his head.”
God knew what was going on inside his heart, even if the rest of the angels did not, and He made His
decision. As most of us could guess, as soon as God decided to place a human being as leader of the
Garden, and not Sammael, this would have made him rebel in a major way. Soon, he would try to do
anything he could to try to make Adam seem unworthy – only to be given new titles such as “The Accuser
of the brethren,” or Satan.
We shall see how, even the meaning of the name
Sammael would change: "Samma - el" would soon be
thought of as “
the poison - of God,” because he would be one of those primarily responsible for poison-
ing the minds of all human beings under Adam’s authority!

The 'Wise' Serpent

As we know, there was probably more than one serpent around at this time. There was said to be at
least 50 Nephilim angels who worked around the Garden of Eden, and these could also be classified as
"serpents."[14] The one Serpent of Genesis was probably one of these Nephilim; more likely, a leader of
them. The Nephilim could have other names, such as
Anunnaki or Jinn. Whatever their name, these
terrestrial, earth-dwelling angels were among the top keepers of Paradise, under Adam.[15] The Serpent,
as well as those other 50 Nephilim serpents, could have also had important roles in the world before
Adam; that’s why they were brought back by God, again, into this world, to do much of their same,
previous work.[16]

We see evidence of this in the Garden of Eden: considering any possibility of an upstart in their establish-
ment at Eden, Adam and Eve were told by God to keep, or
guard, what they had. The Garden needed
guarding from any possible harm, disruption, or problems which might eventually befall it. Why? If the world
before the Fall was so perfect, as many speculate, then just
who or what would Adam and Eve have to
guard it from? God may have understood that our terrestrial “world” (our physical cosmos) would always
have imperfections, be incomplete, or flawed in some way. To compensate, God may have sent angels,
visible or invisible, to help things flow more smoothly; or to assist the human race. For whatever reason,
each “world” did not work out. According to the above authors, however, the terrestrial angels of our
former world were a huge part of the problem.

                                            The rebellion of the angels had caused the darkness.
                                                                                  (Armstrong, 1985, Part 10)[6]

We recall (in
Creation - the Gap & Deep) that, around the time of Genesis 1:2, God was ready to bring
human souls back from the previous world, and into the world of Adam. One important element of the
Garden may reside in what happened to some of the terrestrial
angels of this former world. Quite possibly,
a few of them could have been brought back into our current world, as well, by God, to assist mankind
once again! This gave them an extremely large advantage over any man, however, in this world:

               …in the grey dawn of history there were men who possessed the knowledge of God.
                                                                                          (Bristowe, 1950, p. 8)[7]

If this was the case, where did ancient men get such information? Let's go one better: where would the
angelic Serpent of the Garden of Eden get all of his knowledge from? Quite possibly, these terrestrial
angels could have maintained a good deal of knowledge from the world before Adam. Could the Serpent
have his sly and seductive tactics because he understood how things worked in the world before Adam?
The scary part of this Garden story lies with the possibility that the two angelic forces of Adam’s corrupt-
ion – Satan (or Sammael) and the Serpent – both had an arsenal of occult knowledge, all of which came
from their understanding of how our planet works, as a whole – through these previous worlds! Let’s take
a quick look at these angels, and some possible advantages they may have had.


It seemed there may have been two major angelic players of the world before Adam; leaders, actually.
The first,
Sammael, apparently, came out of the heavenly realm. According to one source, he was thought
to have been fashioned out of the “splendor of God himself,” or was “the firstborn" of heaven.[8] Simply put,
he was, at one time, one of the most important and powerful angels of God, an angel who once had a high
rank in heaven.
Sammael was also known thought to be a
Cherub (or military) angel.[9] He was no ordinary Cherub, how-
ever. Some traditions state Sammael had a major role in what happened to our previous world, as well. He
was known as the “
Angel of Death;” one who had “grim and destructive duties.” He was also known as
“one who disturbs the heaven and earth.”[10] What exactly did he do?

                 (God and His angels speaking)… we established him (Sammael) in command of all
                                       the armies which we created, and they all obey him.
                                                                   - Enthronement of the Archangel Michael[11]

It’s pretty easy to assume, with all of these titles, Sammael would have been a major instrument of the
previous world’s destruction. He could have even been the
lead angel, assigned by God, to carry out judg-
ment on this previous world. Sammael probably destroyed angels and humans alike – giving him the title,
“Angel of Death.” He took this gruesome task on in a serious way; somebody had to do it.